Today marks the 40th anniversary of the designing and 25th anniversary of the commissioning of the Baku TV Tower Complex. The first 180-meter TV tower, commissioned in 1956, was assembled from steel blocks. Since it did not meet the new technological requirements, it became necessary to organize high-quality radio and television broadcasting on a modern basis. For this reason, the State Design Institute of the USSR Ministry of Communications designed the Baku TV Tower Complex and its construction began in 1981. One of the main goals in the design of this unique building was the harmonious combination of antiquity and the classical style of Baku with modern architectural achievements. As a result, four windows in the form of a shebeke with a national ornament were placed on the Baku TV Tower Complex, directed in different directions of the world – to the north, south, west and east.
According to the project, construction work was to be completed in 1985 and the Baku TV Tower Complex was to be commissioned. However, due to the financial crisis that gripped the former USSR in the 1980s, ignorance of climatic conditions during construction, the collapse of the USSR and various other reasons, construction work remained unfinished. Later, on the basis of the relevant order of National Leader Heydar Aliyev, construction work was completed. On July 6, 1996, the opening ceremony of the complex took place with his participation. Thus, in total, the work on the construction of the tower, from the beginning to its commissioning, took 16 years. July 6, 2021 marks the 25th anniversary of the commissioning of the Baku TV Tower Complex.
The TV Tower was built at the highest point of the capital. This, along with the visual image, allows the reception of radio waves in any part of the city and within a radius of 70-80 km around Baku depending on the terrain.
The complex is the tallest construction in Azerbaijan and the 34th tallest TV Tower in the world. By design indicators, an analogue of the Baku TV Tower Complex is located in the city of Vilnius, the capital of Lithuania. Both buildings were designed by the same chief architect at the same design institute.
Baku TV Tower Complex was also included in the “List of facilities of vital importance to be protected in the Republic of Azerbaijan” approved by Decision №91 of the Cabinet of Ministers dated March 31, 2014.
Equipped with the state-of-the-art radio and television equipment, Baku TV Tower Complex, which plays an important role in the organization of radio and television broadcasting, space and terrestrial radio communication in our country.